The barriers facing millions of individuals coming home from incarceration are great in an economy with few jobs to begin with. The Integrated Reentry and Employment Strategies: Reducing and Promoting Job Readiness was created to introduce to policy makers the resources to improve reentry. The Integrated Reentry and Employment Strategies Project overview provides a brief synopsis of the employment tools for practitioners assisting returning citizens.
Employment is very important in preventing a person from going back to prison, but it doesn’t prevent reoffending in every situation. According to the Integrated Reentry and Employment Strategies Project overview, research reveals there are effective methods for reducing recidivism:
1. Intervention methods to help difficult-to-hire individuals in the workplace.
2. Matching jobs to an individual’s level of employment readiness.
3. Employing evidence-based tools to analyze criminal behavior in individuals. The information from the tools could then be used to design services to match the person’s needs (for instance, to address antisocial thoughts, cognitive behavioral therapy could be used).
The Integrated Reentry and Employment Strategies Project overview reports there are not enough resources to successfully assist every person leaving prison, on probation, or in need of a job. People are very different and some citizens need intensive programming and services, while others need little intervention. The overview helps service providers determine which resources will work for which individuals, and discover if certain resources are being directed toward the correct people with the correct intervention methods at the correct time.
The overview provides information concerning the Resource-Allocation and Service Matching Tool. The tool focuses on two areas: job readiness, and a person’s risk of reoffending.
The tool categorizes individuals first by risk and then by how ready they are. In other words, a person returning from prison who has a negative attitude and limited work experience (high-risk), will receive close supervision and structured intensive services. On the other hand, a person with a history of successful employment history (low-risk) will need little supervision and only help with obtaining a driver’s license or resume.
For more infomation about the Resource-Allocation and Service Matching Tool click here The Integrated Reentry and Employment Strategies Project overview. Also, visit Justice Center The Council of State Governments.